Old Portuguese Ruins in Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe)

The trade grounds today. Luanze, Zimbabwe. Author and Copyright Chris Dunbar

Written by Manuel Simoes Alberto (of the “Sociedade de Estudes de Mozambique”) It was made known recently by the “Rhodesia Herald” , of Salisbury, that the ruins of an old Portuguese Fort, located on the banks of the Angwa river, had been declared a National Monument, and placed under the control of the “Natural and Historical Monuments and Relics Commission” ...

Read More »

Makaha: Portuguese Settlement, Market (Feira) in Zimbabwe

Ruins of the early settlers house Makaha, Zimbabwe. Photo © by Chris Dunbar.

Written by Chris Dunbar. All pictures are copyright by Chris Dunbar. The trip to find the site of Makaha was via the town of Mutoko and then on a dirt road for 90 minutes into the growth point of Makaha. Once we left the growth point we had to resort to four wheel driving as the road turned to a ...

Read More »

Seventeenth Century Portuguese Earthworks in Rhodesia (Zimbabwe): Luanze (Mtoko/Mutoko)

Plate 14. Lead shots and arrowhead as in Fig. 5.(C Dunbar 2010, courtesy of Museum of Science, Harare)

Written by P. S. Garlake Historical Monuments Commission, Rhodesia INTRODUCTION Two sites, one in the Mtoko (Mutoko) district containing two separate rectangular earthworks and the other in the Hartley (Chegutu) district with a single very similar earthwork have recently been identified and excavated. The excavations were on a very small scale intended primarily to provide, as far as possible, a ...

Read More »

Luanze: Portuguese Settlement, Market (Feira) and Fort in Zimbabwe

The outer trade grounds. Luanze, Zimbabwe. Author and Copyright Chris Dunbar

Written by Chris Dunbar. All pictures are copyright by Chris Dunbar. The Fort of Luanze, where the Portuguese hold a market, is in the lands of Mocaranga, forty leagues from Tete…..this fort has a church, served by a dominican friar who administrates the sacraments to the christians who dwell there or pass through. Pedro Barreto de Rezende, 1634. I then ...

Read More »

Excavations At The Seventeenth Century Portuguese Site Of Dambarare, Rhodesia (Zimbabwe)

Trench Y looking West, Figure 5 West Sections

Written by P. S. Garlake. Historical Monuments Commission, Salisbury (today Harare). Received : 27th May 1969 From their establishment at Sofala in 1505, the Portuguese directed their activities in south-east Africa at the exploitation of the gold resources of the interior. During the late sixteenth and seventeenth century’s agreements with the ruling Mwene Mutapas led to the opening of trading ...

Read More »

Some Early Portuguese Relics from Dambarare, Rhodesia (today Zimbabwe) 

Portuguese gilded bronze medallion.

Written by P. S. Garlake. Historical Monuments Commission, Salisbury (today Harare) Portuguese traders, administrators and missionaries were living in permanent settlements in many parts of Mashonaland at least throughout the seventeenth century. The goods they traded with the local people are well attested and consisted largely of cloth and beads. Cloth, of course, would decay quickly in most circumstances but ...

Read More »

Angwa: a Portuguese Settlement, Market (Feira) and Fort in Zimbabwe

Remains of the brick inner layer built by the Portuguese, Angwa Fort 4, Angwa, Zimbabwe. Author and Copyright Chris Dunbar

Written by Chris Dunbar. All pictures are copyright by Chris Dunbar. Of the six Angwa (Ongoe) Forts / Feiras I was only able to visit two, again it was an extremely arduous trip, very very hot and dry and pushed me again to my limits. The area has been seriously over run by illegal gold panners and they have caused ...

Read More »

Portuguese objects in Ancient Mining in Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) and adjacent areas

Indian Tumbler

Written by Roger Summers (Senior Keeper of Antiquities, National Museums of Rhodesia, 1969) and Chris Dunbar MARAMUCA: Carved Ivory BAY HORSE Mine, Chikari (29)¹: The most beautiful of all relics from the ancient workings is the delightful carving. (picture below) This was found at depth in an ancient working on the above mine and given to the miner’s children as ...

Read More »

Dambarare: a Portuguese Settlement, Market (Feira) and Fort in Zimbabwe

Location of Earthwork 1 in the distance. Dambarare, Zimbabwe. Author and Copyright Chris Dunbar

Written by Chris Dunbar. All pictures are copyright by Chris Dunbar. This site is scattered over a very wide area and was a large settlement (Dambarare covers about 6 square km’s), one of the largest Earthworks numbered 2 was flooded when the Jumbo Mine Dam was built, a great shame as while a little excavation work was done the Professor ...

Read More »

The Dutch West India Company. WIC (West-Indische Compagnie)

Watercolour chart of the city of Recife (Brazil) in the 17th century (1665). Author Johannes Vingboons

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. The WIC (West-Indische Compagnie) Dutch West India Company was a Dutch trading company shaped after the example of the VOC (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie – Dutch East India Company). On June 3, 1621 it was granted a charter for the ‘right on shipping and trade’ and a 24 years monopoly of ...

Read More »
banner
Close
Stay informed about Colonial Voyage
eXTReMe Tracker