Africa

East Africa. List of Portuguese colonial forts and possessions

Map of the Mombasa Fortress, Kenya. Bocarro, António. Livro das Plantas de todas as fortalezas, cidades e povoaçoens do Estado da Índia Oriental. 1635. No Copyright

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. MOZAMBIQUE: Sofala: (20°10’S – 34°44’E) Forte São Caetano a square-shaped fortress with four bastions. Portuguese: 21 Sep. 1505 fort – 1974 Moçambique: (15°02’S – 40°44’E) Fortaleza de São Gabriel or Fortaleza Velha (1507), Fortaleza or Castelo de São Sebastião (1558), Forte Santo António , Forte São Lourenço (Ilha de São Lourenço) Portuguese: 1507- 1974 Quelimane: (17°53’S ...

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Africa. Portuguese Colonial Remains 16th-18th centuries

Fortress of São Miguel, Luanda, Angola. Author and Copyright Virgilio Pena da Costa

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. If you know something on colonial remains or if you have photos of such remains – they may be anywhere in the world -, send them to me. I’ll be happy to publish them on this website. Thank you. Marco. My e-mail is on the home page. PORTUGUESE COLONIAL REMAINS ...

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Africa. Dutch Colonial Remains 16th-18th centuries

Castle of Good Hope (Kasteel de Goede Hoop), Cape Town, South Africa. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. If you know something on colonial remains or if you have photos of such remains – they may be anywhere in the world -, send them to me. I’ll be happy to publish them on this website. Thank you. Marco. My e-mail is on the home page. ANGOLA Dutch surnames. ...

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List of Danish colonial forts and possessions

Map of Tranquebar 1733, India. No Copyright

Written by Marco Ramerini DANISH COLONIAL SETTLEMENTS ASIA INDIA: Tranquebar (Dansborg castle): Danish: 1620-May 1801 English: (May 1801-Aug. 1802) Danish: Aug. 1802-1808 English: (1808-20 Sep. 1815) Danish: 20 Sep. 1815-7 Nov. 1845 English occupation: (7 Nov. 1845- 1947) (U. B. J. p 41, 44) (H.F. p 298) Pipely (Pipli): factory 1625- abandoned before 1643 (U. B. J. p 28) Masulipatam: factory 1626 -abandoned before 1643 (U. ...

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Africa. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century

Africa Map (1689). Author van Schagen. No Copyright

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. DUTCH EMPIRE: AFRICA MAURITANIA: – Monod,Th., “L’île d’Arguin (Mauritanie), essai historique” 327 pp., 5 maps, IICT and CECA 1983, Lisbon, Portugal. Detailed research on Arguin castle history during the Portuguese, Dutch and Brandenburg periods. WEST AFRICA, GHANA (GOLD COAST): – Various Authors, “John Conny & Goombay Drum ignite the imagination ...

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Africa. Bibliography of Portuguese Colonial History 16th-18th century

Africa Map (1689). Author van Schagen. No Copyright

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. PORTUGUESE EMPIRE: AFRICA AFRICA GENERAL: – Various Authors “Portugaliae Monumenta Africana” 500+608 pp. 2 vols., Casa da Moeda, 1993-1995, Lisbon, Portugal. – Fernandes, J. M. “Luís Benavente e as fortalezas de África (1956-1973)” In: “Oceanos” n° 28 Oct/Dec. 1996 pp. 41-52 – Madeira Santos, Maria Emília “Viagens de exploração ao ...

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Kilwa: a Portuguese Fort in Tanzania

Portuguese Fort, Kilwa, Tanzania. Author and Copyright Alan Sutton

Written by Marco Ramerini. Photos by Alan Sutton Situated along the coast of Tanzania, Kilwa fort was built by the Portuguese in 1505 and was the first stone fort built by the Portuguese along the coast of East Africa. The construction of the fort was the work of the sailors and soldiers of the squadron of D. Francisco de Almeida, ...

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The Castle of Good Hope: A Dutch Fort in South Africa

Castle of Good Hope (Kasteel de Goede Hoop), Cape Town, South Africa. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. The Castle of Good Hope (Kasteel de Goede Hoop) is the oldest building in South Africa, it was built by the Dutch East India Company (VOC, Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie) between 1666 and 1679; it was built in stone in substitution of a first wooden fort which was built in 1652 ...

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The Dutch in South Africa, 1652-1795 and 1802-1806

Castle of Good Hope (Kasteel de Goede Hoop), Cape Town, South Africa. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. The Dutch settlement history in South Africa began in March 1647 with the shipwreck of the Dutch ship Nieuwe Haarlem. The shipwreck victims built a small fort named “Sand Fort of the Cape of Good Hope”. They stayed for nearly one year at the Cape. Finally they were rescued by ...

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The Dutch Heritage in South Africa: the Afrikaans Language and the Dutch Reformed Church

The Dutch East India Company (VOC) symbol it's still at the entrance gate of the Castle of Good Hope (Kasteel de Goede Hoop), Cape Town, South Africa. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. THE AFRIKAANS LANGUAGE Afrikaans is a language of Dutch origin and structure similar to Flemish; it’s also influenced by various African languages and by Portuguese, German, French and Malay. Afrikaans was declared an official tongue of South Africa besides English in 1925. Afrikaans is not only spoken by the White ...

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The Fortress of Santo António da Ponta da Mina, Principe Island

Island of Principe (Sao Tome and Principe), 1727. Old view of the island of Príncipe, the bay of the port and the Fortaleza da Ponta da Mina (on the left)

Written by Marco Ramerini, photos and information by James Leese. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. According to a source dated 1815, this was the situation of the Portuguese forts on the island of Príncipe, in particular in the Bay of San António, where almost all the boats anchored: the two main defenses of the bay were the fortress of ...

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The revolt of the slaves on the African island of São Tomé 1595

Slaves. The Old Plantation, ca. 1790-1800. Watercolor by unidentified artist.

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. The revolt of Amador, named after the slave who led it, is the most important attempt of rebellion that has ever happened on the island of São Tomé. The revolt of the slaves of the island began on July 9, 1595. The leader of this revolt was from the beginning ...

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