Portuguese Colonialism

The Portuguese Forts in Oman

Jalali Fort, Muscat, Oman (photo © by Fritz Gosselck)

Written by Marco Ramerini. Photos by Fritz Gosselck and João Sarmento. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. Oman is a land rich in fortifications, some of these were built along the Omani coast by the Portuguese in the sixteenth and seventeenth century, often altered from the original forms several forts built or modernized by the Portuguese are still visible today. ...

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The Fort of Malacca: Portuguese-Dutch Fortress of Malacca (Melaka)

Dutch Map of the city and fort at Malacca (1780), Malaysia. No Copyright

Written by Marco Ramerini. Photos by Krzysztof Kudlek. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. The city of Malacca was conquered by the Portuguese in 1511. Soon after the conquest of the city, which was the most important commercial port in Asia, Afonso de Albuquerque built a fortress to defend the new Portuguese possession. The first fort, “A Famosa”, was built ...

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Portuguese Malacca 1511-1641

Portuguese Malacca (1600s), Malaysia. Livro das Plantas das Fortalezas, Cidades e Povoaçoes do Estado da India Oriental 1600s.

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. THE PORTUGUESE CONQUEST At the time of the Portuguese arrival in the Asian seas, Malacca thanks to its strategic position on the strait bearing the same name, was a remarkable trading center for the trade and shunting of spices. At that time, Malacca was ruled by a Muslim Sultan. The ...

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Flor de la Mar (Flor do Mar), 1511. A shipwrecked Portuguese Galleon

Flor de la Mar, Maritime Museum, Malacca, Malaysia. Author and Copyright Krzysztof Kudlek

Written by Marco Ramerini. Photos by Krzysztof Kudlek. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. The “Flor do Mar” or “Flor de la Mar” was a Portuguese galleon of 400 tons, which was part of the fleet sent to conquer the city of Malacca in 1511. The vessel was built in Lisbon in 1502 and at the time of its construction it ...

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Portuguese language heritage in Asia

Map of Asia (1627). Authors Bertius; Danckerts; Tavernier. No Copyright

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. The Portuguese language has been in relation to the trade and colonial expansion of Portugal the trade language of the Indian Ocean shores in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. Portuguese was used, at that time, not only in the eastern cities conquered by the Portuguese but was also used ...

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The Portuguese Fort on Solor Island, Indonesia

Ruins of Solor fort, Lohayong, Solor Island, Indonesia. Author and Copyright Mark Schellekens and Greg Wyncoll

Written by Mark Schellekens. Photos by Mark Schellekens and Greg Wyncoll. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. On January 7th I paid a visit to the island of Solor off Flores’ north east coast. My main goal was to have a birdwatching trip on an virtually unknown island combined with a visit to the ruins of the fort. Solor is ...

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The Portuguese on Solor and in the Lesser Sunda Islands

Portuguese Fort, Solor, Indonesia. Author Livro das Plantas das Fortalezas, Cidades e Povoaçoes do Estado da India Oriental 1600s. No Copyright

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. SOLOR AND THE LESSER SUNDA ISLANDS The early Portuguese contact with these islands was in the years about the 1520s. They frequented these islands mainly to purchase sandalwood. The early traders established only temporary warehouses. They did not build permanent trading posts, farms or fortresses, because this task was left ...

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The Portuguese in the Moluccas: Ternate and Tidore

Moluccas 1714.

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. TERNATE AND TIDORE The first Portuguese expedition to the Moluccas under the command of António de Abreu arrived in Amboina and on the Banda islands in 1512. After an adventurous voyage he went back to Malacca. Francisco Serrão and other members of this expedition wrecked on a reef off Lucopino ...

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Ambon: The Portuguese in the Moluccas, Indonesia

Ambon (17th century print), Indonesia. No Copyright

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. Ambon is an island located in the south of the Spice Islands in what is today the Indonesian archipelago. In the year 1569 the Portuguese Gonçalo Pereira Marramaque erected a wooden fort on the northern coast of the Ambon island. In 1572 the fort was moved to the southern side ...

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The Portuguese fort of Ternate

Ternate (1883-1889), Moluccas, Indonesia. Author Tropenmuseum of the Royal Tropical Institute (KIT). Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. The Portuguese fort of Ternate was founded by António de Brito in 1522, the foundation stone of the fortress was laid the day of the feast of St. John the Baptist, June 24, 1522, the fort was named “São João Bautista de Ternate.” The outer wall of the fortress enclosing ...

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