Oceania

Political Development of the former German Colonies since 1920

Lomé (1904), the way to the Governor's Palace. No Copyright

Written by Dietrich Köster COLONIES IN AFRICA GERMAN EAST AFRICA, takeover in 1884/85 Tanganyika Territory 1920 to the United Kingdom – 1961 Independent State of Tanganyika/1962 Republic of Tanganyika – April 1964 part of the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar/ November 1964 United Republic of Tanzania Ruanda-Urundi 1920 to Belgium – 1962 Republic of Rwanda (northern part) and 1962 ...

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Bittangabee Bay ruins, Australia

Bittangabee Bay ruins. Author and Copyright Jones Matos da Silva.,

Text and Photos by Jones Matos da Silva Bittangabee Bay is located in Ben Boyd National Park to the south of the coastal town of Eden along the south coast of New South Wales, Australia. These ruins are claimed by Kenneth McIntyre to be of Portuguese origin. I drove there last month and took me 8 hours drive from Sydney (480 ...

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Australia and the Dutch East India Company (VOC)

Hollandia Nova (1644) (Australia). Author Melchisedech Thevenot Terre Australe decouuerte l'an 1644, Paris. No Copyright

Written by Peter Reynders There have been a number of early European based ‘monopoly companies’ trading in Asia. The combined impact of the Portuguese Estado da India, the first practitioner of the monopoly product principle, the Muscovy, the Ostend, the Swedish and the English East India Companies, the VOC (Dutch East India Company) and the many smaller enterprises of the vast, ...

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Isle of Pines: Prison ruins and Cemetery of the Deported (Cemetery of the Communards) in New Caledonia

Kanumera, Isle of Pines, New Caledonia. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. Located south-east of Grande Terre (New Caledonia), the Isle of Pines is a small island full of natural wonders, endless white beaches and crystal clear water, caves and caverns, rich coral reef, natural wonders like the natural pool (piscine naturelle) with seawater, inhabited by a friendly population with rich traditions. ...

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Fort Teremba: a prison for deportees in New Caledonia (Grande Terre)

Bac de l'Ouaieme, Grande Terre, New Caledonia. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. This fort is situated between La Foa and Bourail, 124 kilometers north of Nouméa. In 1871 a group of 25 convicts, 2 wardens, 3 gendarmes and the head of the topographical department set up a camp on the left bank of La Foa river near the Kanak village of Uarai, ...

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Russian presence in Hawaii. Russian forts and settlements in Hawaii

Russian Fort Elizabeth, Kauai island, Hawaii. Author Mel29. No Copyright.

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. In the early 19th century Russian fur traders established trading centers from Siberia into the North American subcontinent, Russian cargo vessels regularly transecting the northern Pacific Ocean. In January 1815 a Russian-American Company vessel, named “Bering”, that traded furs for food throughout the Hawaiian Islands, was shipwrecked at Waimea, Kauai. ...

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Micronesia (1565-1994), Forgotten Island World in the Pacific

Pagan (1900), Mariana Islands. Author Rudolf Hellgrewe

Written by Dietrich Köster German-Micronesia – also called “Island Territory” of German New Guinea – is the far-flung island world north of the equator in the Western Central Pacific and was up to 1914/1920 the northern part of German New Guinea, supplemented by the island of Nauru, lying just south of the equator. The land area is only slightly more ...

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Oceania. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century

Hollandia Nova (1644) (Australia). Author Melchisedech Thevenot Terre Australe decouuerte l'an 1644, Paris. No Copyright

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. DUTCH EMPIRE: OCEANIA AUSTRALIA: – Doolan, Paul, “First Europeans in Australia”, in: “History Today”, June 1999. – Godard, Philippe, “First and last Voyage of the Batavia”, 332 pp. – Playford, Phillip, “Voyage of Discovery to Terra Australis”, 113 pp., Willem de Vlamingh’s intrepid voyage to Australia 1696-1697 (wanting) – Playford, ...

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Asia Far East: China, Japan, Australia. Bibliography of Portuguese Colonial History 16th-18th century

Map of Formosa (Taiwan) by Johannes Vingboons, 1640

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. PORTUGUESE EMPIRE: FAR EAST: CHINA, JAPAN CHINA, JAPAN – Barnett, Cherry “The last outpost”, in: “History Today”, December 1999 – Barreto, L. F. “O estatuto de Macau (séculos XVI-XVII)”, in: “Oceanos”, n°32, October/December 1997, pp. 133-148. – Basto da Silva, Beatriz, “Fortalezas extramuros, baluartes e fortins”, in: “Revista Macau”, n° ...

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