Portuguese Colonialism

New book on the Spice islands: Spain and Moluccas in the 16th and 17th centuries

In the Spice islands. Spain and Moluccas in the 16th and 17th centuries

On the occasion of the celebrations of the 500th anniversary of Ferdinando Magellano’s first trip around the world. A new book about the Spice Islands has just been published by the Spanish publishing house Desperta-Ferro, specialized in Spanish military history. It is a large format book (384 pages, 189 x 246 mm), and includes old maps. I had the honor ...

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Arguin: A Portuguese Fortress in Mauritania 1445-1633

Plan of the fortress at the island of Arguin in 1721. Originaly plublished by Jean-Baptist Labat (1663-1728).

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. Situated on the Arguin island (today Mauritania), this was the first fort the Portuguese built in Africa. The fort remained under Portuguese control between 1445 and 1633. The Arguin area was explored by the Portuguese around the years 1442-1444 by Gonçalo de Sintra (1442), Dinis Dias (1442), Nuno Tristão (1443) and Lançarote ...

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The main fort of Fernando de Noronha: Fortress of Nossa Senhora Dos Remédios

The entrance gate and the front walls of the fort, Fortaleza de Nossa Senhora dos Remédios, Fernando de Noronha, Brazil. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. The fortress of Nossa Senhora dos Remédios is the most important fortification of the entire defensive system built on the island of Fernando de Noronha (Brazil) by the Portuguese in the eighteenth century and is located on a hill between the Bay of Santo António and the Praia do Cachorro. ...

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The Forts of Fernando de Noronha

The view towards the Morro do Pico from the round tower of the Fortaleza de Nossa Senhora dos Remédios, Fernando de Noronha, Brazil. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. Fernando de Noronha was discovered by the Florentine Amerigo Vespucci in 1503. In 1504 the Crown granted the archipelago as a “capitania hereditária” to a Portuguese lord, Fernão de Noronha, from whom it takes its name. The archipelago was occupied by two other European nations (Dutch and French) during the ...

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Portuguese Malacca 1511-1641

Portuguese Malacca (1600s), Malaysia. Livro das Plantas das Fortalezas, Cidades e Povoaçoes do Estado da India Oriental 1600s.

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. THE PORTUGUESE CONQUEST At the time of the Portuguese arrival in the Asian seas, Malacca thanks to its strategic position on the strait bearing the same name, was a remarkable trading center for the trade and shunting of spices. At that time, Malacca was ruled by a Muslim Sultan. The ...

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Book: Spice Islands Forts by Simon Pratt

Spice Islands Forts by Simon Pratt

Written by Marco Ramerini. On this page I want to write about an interesting book that has just been published. The book tells the story of the spice islands and focuses on the fortifications that Europeans built on these islands to control their trade. The story narrated in Simon Pratt’s book begins with the first contacts with Europeans and reaches ...

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I primi contatti degli spagnoli con le Isole Molucche, 1521-1602

CAPITOLO PRIMO: I PRIMI CONTATTI DEGLI SPAGNOLI CON LE ISOLE MOLUCCHE

Gli spagnoli nelle Isole Molucche: 1606-1663/1671-1677. La storia della presenza spagnola nelle isole delle spezie Scritto da Marco Ramerini. INTRODUZIONE All’inizio degli anni 2000 avevo iniziato a fare ricerche nei documenti dell’Archivio delle Indie di Siviglia sulla presenza spagnola nelle isole delle Spezie. Alcune delle mie ricerche sono state pubblicate in quegli anni. La più vasta invece è rimasta incompiuta ...

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La conquista di Ternate, 1606

CAPITOLO SECONDO: LA CONQUISTA DI TERNATE

Gli spagnoli nelle Isole Molucche: 1606-1663/1671-1677. La storia della presenza spagnola nelle isole delle spezie Scritto da Marco Ramerini CAPITOLO SECONDO: LA CONQUISTA DI TERNATE LA PREPARAZIONE DELLA SPEDIZIONE DI D. PEDRO DE ACUÑA La risposta spagnola, questa volta, non tardò ad arrivare. Il governatore delle Filippine, D. Pedro de Acuña, in un documento1, senza data, presente nell’archivio “General da ...

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St Thomas Fort, Tangasseri or Thangassery, Kerala, India

Portuguese Kollam (Quilon) in 1600, Kerala, India. No Copyright

Written by Marco Ramerini. Photos by Prof. Rahul Basu. Tangasseri or Thangassery / Kollam is a city located along the coast of the ancient Malabar, in the Indian state of Kerala in southern India. The Portuguese were the first Europeans to arrive in this port of Malabar, they landed there in 1502. In the following years Tangasseri or Thangassery / Kollam that the Portuguese called ...

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The Catholic mission in Bengal prior to the nineteenth century

The Basilica of the Holy Rosary, Bandel, Hughli. Copyright Stefan Halikowski Smith

Written by Prof. Stefan Halikowski Smith, Dept. of History, Swansea University. The Bengal mission was one of the most Christian successful mission-fields in the Orient in early modern times, despite relatively small numbers of active missionaries. However, the mission, despite its successes in ‘harvesting souls’, encountered bitter political vituperation between the two orders active here, the Augustinians and Jesuits, who ...

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The Portuguese fort of Santiago, Cape Verde

Portuguese Fort Santiago, Cape Verde. Author and Copyright João Sarmento

Photos by João Sarmento. Written by Marco Ramerini. The Cidade Velha (Old Town) of the island of Santiago in Cape Verde islands is located 15 kilometers west of the city of Praia, along the Santiago island coast. It constitutes the first city built by Europeans in the tropics and the first capital of the Cape Verde archipelago. The settlement was originally named ...

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The Portuguese fort in São Tomé

Fort São Sebastião, São Tomé. Author and Copyright João Sarmento.

Photos by João Sarmento. Written by Marco Ramerini. The Portuguese Fort São Sebastião, São Tomé, São Tomé e Príncipe. The fort was built in 1575. The fort was occupied by the Dutch on 16 Oct. 1641. The Portuguese recaptured the fort on 15 December 1644. The Fort São Sebastião is square-shaped with bastions at each corner and now houses the São Tomé and Príncipe National Museum.

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