Portuguese Colonialism

Seventeenth Century Portuguese Earthworks in Rhodesia (Zimbabwe): Luanze (Mtoko/Mutoko)

Plate 14. Lead shots and arrowhead as in Fig. 5.(C Dunbar 2010, courtesy of Museum of Science, Harare)

Written by P. S. Garlake Historical Monuments Commission, Rhodesia INTRODUCTION Two sites, one in the Mtoko (Mutoko) district containing two separate rectangular earthworks and the other in the Hartley (Chegutu) district with a single very similar earthwork have recently been identified and excavated. The excavations were on a very small scale intended primarily to provide, as far as possible, a ...

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Luanze: Portuguese Settlement, Market (Feira) and Fort in Zimbabwe

The outer trade grounds. Luanze, Zimbabwe. Author and Copyright Chris Dunbar

Written by Chris Dunbar. All pictures are copyright by Chris Dunbar. The Fort of Luanze, where the Portuguese hold a market, is in the lands of Mocaranga, forty leagues from Tete…..this fort has a church, served by a dominican friar who administrates the sacraments to the christians who dwell there or pass through. Pedro Barreto de Rezende, 1634. I then ...

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Excavations At The Seventeenth Century Portuguese Site Of Dambarare, Rhodesia (Zimbabwe)

Trench Y looking West, Figure 5 West Sections

Written by P. S. Garlake. Historical Monuments Commission, Salisbury (today Harare). Received : 27th May 1969 From their establishment at Sofala in 1505, the Portuguese directed their activities in south-east Africa at the exploitation of the gold resources of the interior. During the late sixteenth and seventeenth century’s agreements with the ruling Mwene Mutapas led to the opening of trading ...

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Some Early Portuguese Relics from Dambarare, Rhodesia (today Zimbabwe) 

Portuguese gilded bronze medallion.

Written by P. S. Garlake. Historical Monuments Commission, Salisbury (today Harare) Portuguese traders, administrators and missionaries were living in permanent settlements in many parts of Mashonaland at least throughout the seventeenth century. The goods they traded with the local people are well attested and consisted largely of cloth and beads. Cloth, of course, would decay quickly in most circumstances but ...

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Angwa: a Portuguese Settlement, Market (Feira) and Fort in Zimbabwe

Remains of the brick inner layer built by the Portuguese, Angwa Fort 4, Angwa, Zimbabwe. Author and Copyright Chris Dunbar

Written by Chris Dunbar. All pictures are copyright by Chris Dunbar. Of the six Angwa (Ongoe) Forts / Feiras I was only able to visit two, again it was an extremely arduous trip, very very hot and dry and pushed me again to my limits. The area has been seriously over run by illegal gold panners and they have caused ...

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Portuguese objects in Ancient Mining in Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) and adjacent areas

Indian Tumbler

Written by Roger Summers (Senior Keeper of Antiquities, National Museums of Rhodesia, 1969) and Chris Dunbar MARAMUCA: Carved Ivory BAY HORSE Mine, Chikari (29)¹: The most beautiful of all relics from the ancient workings is the delightful carving. (picture below) This was found at depth in an ancient working on the above mine and given to the miner’s children as ...

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Dambarare: a Portuguese Settlement, Market (Feira) and Fort in Zimbabwe

Location of Earthwork 1 in the distance. Dambarare, Zimbabwe. Author and Copyright Chris Dunbar

Written by Chris Dunbar. All pictures are copyright by Chris Dunbar. This site is scattered over a very wide area and was a large settlement (Dambarare covers about 6 square km’s), one of the largest Earthworks numbered 2 was flooded when the Jumbo Mine Dam was built, a great shame as while a little excavation work was done the Professor ...

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Bittangabee Bay ruins, Australia

Bittangabee Bay ruins. Author and Copyright Jones Matos da Silva.,

Text and Photos by Jones Matos da Silva Bittangabee Bay is located in Ben Boyd National Park to the south of the coastal town of Eden along the south coast of New South Wales, Australia. These ruins are claimed by Kenneth McIntyre to be of Portuguese origin. I drove there last month and took me 8 hours drive from Sydney (480 ...

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India. List of Portuguese colonial forts and possessions

Fort Aguada, Goa, India. Author Abhijit Nandi. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. INDIA: Diu: (20°43’N – 71°00’E) Forte or Castelo do Mar, Castelo de Diu or Fortaleza de São Tomé Portuguese: 21 Dec. 1535 fortress – 18/19 Dec. 1961 Leao “A Província do Norte do Estado da Índia” Island of Diu: Fortaleza de Nagoa (1744), Fortaleza de Brancavara (1774), Forte de Simbor, Forte de ...

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Sri Lanka (Ceylon). List of Portuguese colonial forts and possessions

Sri Lanka (Ceylon) Map (1681). Robert Knox. An Historical Relation of the Island Ceylon.

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. SRI LANKA (CEYLON): Portuguese: 1518 – 1597 the Kingdom of Kotte is tributary to Portugal. Portuguese: 1597: the whole of the territory of the Kingdom of Kotte is under the control of the Portuguese, they control four Provinces or Disawani: Matara (along the sea coast from Kotte to Walawe Ganga), Saparagamuwa (north of Matara ...

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