Ceylon (Sri Lanka). Bibliography of Portuguese Colonial History 16th-18th century

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster.



– Bell, H. C. P., “The Portuguese on the Maldives” in: “Excerpta Maldiviana”, Ceylon Royal Archeological Society Journal” vol. XXXII, 1931


– Various Authors, “History of Ceylon”, vol. I, parts 1 & 2: “Pre-Colonial Period” ?, University of Ceylon, 1959/60, Colombo, Sri Lanka. Vol. 2: “History of Sri Lanka, vol. II (1500-1800)”, 614 pp., edited by K.M. de Silva, University of Peradenya, Ceylon, 1995, Colombo, Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka in the early 16th Century: political conditions, by C.R. de Silva; Sri Lanka in the early 16th century: economic & social conditions, by C.R. de Silva; The rise and fall of the Kingdom of Sitavaka 1521-1593, by C.R. de Silva; The Kingdom of Jaffna, by C.R. de Silva & S. Pathmanathan; Portuguese rule in Kotte 1594-1638, by T.B.H. Abeyasinghe; The Kingdom of Kandy: foundations and foreign relations till 1638, by T.B.H. Abeyasinghe; Expulsion of the Portuguese from Sri Lanka, by C.R. de Silva; The Kandyan Kingdom 1638-1739: a survey of its political history, by L.S. Dewaraja; The consolidation of Dutch power in the Maritime regions 1658-1687, by S. Arasaratnam; The VOC in Sri Lanka 1688-1766: problems and policies, by D.A. Kotelawele; The Kandyan Kingdom and the Nayakkars 1739-1796, by L.S. Dewaraja; Administrative systems: Kandyan and Dutch, by L.S. Dewaraja, S. Arasaratnam & D.A. Kotelawele; The social and economic conditions in the Kandyan Kingdom in the 17th and 18th century , by L.S. Dewaraja; Sri Lanka’s trade, internal and external in the 17th and 18th century , by S. Arasaratnam; The Voc in Sri Lanka 1658-1796: social and economic change in the maritime regions, by D.A. Kotelawele; Religion and the state in the Kandyan Kingdom: the 17th and 18th century, by L.S. Dewaraja; Literature in Sri Lanka: the 16th, 17th and 18th century, by K.N.O. Dharmadasa; Sri Lankan art and architecture during the 16th, 17th and 18th century, by Sirima Kiribamune; The English East India Company and Sri Lanka 1760-1796, by Sinharaja Tammita-Delgoda. Vol. 3: “The British Rule 1796-1948” ?, University of Ceylon, 1973, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

– Various Authors, “Historic Wahakotte Church gears up for its annual feast”, in: “Sunday Observer” 11 June, 2000 Colombo, Sri Lanka.

– Various Authors “Education in Ceylon from the 16th century to the present day. A centenary volume” ?, Ministry of Education and Cultural Affairs, 1969, Colombo, Sri Lanka. Don Peter, “Portuguese Missionary activity in the sphere of education”, pp. 283-292; Don Peter “The Portuguese and the study of the National Languages”, pp. 293-302; Mottau S., “Education under the Dutch”, pp. 304-318; Sannasgala, P. B., “The influence of the Portuguese and the Dutch on the life and thought of the people” pp. 337-347.

– Various Authors, “Don Peter felicitation volume: tribute to a Sri Lankan scholar, educator and historian on his sixty-fifth birthday”, xxxi+245 pp., Candappa, E. C. T. & Fernadopulle, M. S. S. ( editors), D.P.F. Committee, 1983, Colombo, Sri Lanka. Don Peter: a Biographical sketch; Bibliography of Reverend Dr Don Peter; Boudens, R., “The establishment of the Papal Seminary in Kandy, Ceylon in 1893”, pp. 1-9; Camps, A., “Father Felice Zoppi da Cannobio, OFM, in Sri Lanka, 1853-1857. Pioneer of the Catholic Education in Kandy”, pp. 11-17; Ross Carter, J. “From controversy to understanding: a century of progress”, pp. 19-34; Silva, Chandra Richard de, “The Kigdom of Kotte and its relations with the Portuguese in the early sixteenth century” pp. 35-50; Disney, A., “The Portuguese overland courier service between Europe and India in the sixteenth and seventeeth century “, pp. 51-63; Fernando, P. E. E., “Rajputs in Sri Lanka”, pp. 65-80; Goonetilleka, M. H., “The Christian contribution to early Singhala theatre”, pp. 81-104; van Goor, J., “Protestantism and other religions under the Dutch in Sri Lanka”, pp. 105-118; Hulugalle, H. A. J., “Musings of a journalist”, pp. 119-127; Jansz, E. R., “Education in Chemistry in Sri Lanka vis-à-vis the demands of Applied Research”, pp. 129-141; Kurunatillake, W.S., “Nominal inflection in Sri Lanka Gypsy Telugu: an outline”, pp. 143-149; Khanna, K.C., “The origin and growth of the Bhakti Movement”, pp. 151-161; Kurukulasuriya, G.I.O.M., “The dual economy and the Global Community in formation”, pp. 163-180; Meersman, A., “Non-Portuguese Franciscans in the Padroado Mission of Sri Lanka”, pp. 181-188; Reynolds, C.H.B., “A petition from Bhikkhu Pattapola Gotama in the India Office Library”, pp. 189-193; Saltman, A., “Political theory and politics in the writings of John Salisbury”, pp. 195-209; Ugawa, K., “Feudal aristocracy of Japan”, pp. 211-221; Winius, G., “The Portuguese Asian decadência revisited: an interpretation”, pp. 223-236; Monteiro Lopes, E., “Alia (the Singhala term aliya, elephant in Portuguese literature)” pp. 237-245.

– Various Authors “Atipola Disava captures Trincomalee defeating the Portuguese. The capture of the Trincomalee fort”, in: “Daily News”, 19 January 2000.

– Various Authors “Sessional Papers. Sitawaka”, in: “Antiquarian research Kegalla”, “Report on the Kegalla District” (Archaelogical Survey of Ceylon)” By H C P Bell. Colombo 1892. pp. 62-65.

– Various Authors, “Sessional Papers. Menikkadawara, Arandara, Diyasunnata, Mottappoliya”, in: “Antiquarian research Kegalla”, “Report on the Kegalla District” (Archaelogical Survey of Ceylon)”, by H C P Bell, Colombo 1892, pp. 30-37

– Various Authors, “Notes on Delft Forts”, in: JRASC Vol. XXI n° 62, 1909, pp. 350-357.

– Abey’Ratna, Oscar M., “Franciscans of the observance and capuchos (later called the recollectos or reformados of the reformed branch of the Franciscans), who served in Ceylon or Sri Lanka during the Portugeuse Era – A.D 1505- 1658” ?, 1980

– Abeyasinghe, T., “Portuguese rule in Ceylon 1594-1612”, xi, 247 pp., illustrations, 3 maps, 2 plates, Lake House Investments, 1966, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

– Abeyasinghe, T., “Jaffna under the Portuguese”, 66 pp., illustrations, Lake House, 1966, 1986, Colombo, Sri Lanka. Brief study covering the period 1505-1648; based on archival records available in Portugal and historical archives in Goa.

– Abeyasinghe, T., “A study of Portuguese regimentos on Sri Lanka: at the Goa archives” ?, 96 pp., Department of National Archives, 1974, Sri Lanka.

– Abeyasinghe, T., “History as polemics and propaganda: some aspects of Fernao de Queirós conquista” ? Separata II Seminário Internacional de História Indo-Portuguesa, Actas, pp. 790-797, Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical. Centro de Estudos de História e Cartografia Antiga, 1985, Lisbon , Portugal.

– Arasaratnam, S., “Sri Lanka, history”, in: “Encyclopædia Britannica”.

– Baldaeus, Philip “A Description of the great and most famous Isle of Ceylon”, 165 pp. maps, Reprint of the 1703 edition, Asian Educational Services, 1996, New Delhi-Madras, India. The Ceylon-related chapters extracted from Baldaeus’s “A Description of East India Coasts of Malabar and Coromandel and also of the Isle of Ceylon”, Volume n° 3. Beautifully illustrated with maps and line drawings.

– Bouchon, Geneviève, “A Propos de l’Inscription de Colombo (1501), Quelques Observations sur le premier Voyage de João de Nova dans l’Océan Indien” ?, in: RUC, vol. XXVIII, pp. 233-270, Universidade de Coimbra, 1980, Coimbra, Portugal.

– Bourdon, Leon, “Les débuts de l’Evangelisation de Ceylan vers le milieu du 16ème siècle d’après des documents récemment publiés” ?, 1 vol., s.n., 1936, Lisbon, Portugal. – Boxer, Ch. R. “Christians and spices: Portuguese missionary methods in Ceylon 1518-1658” ???, in: History Today, vol. VIII, 1958, pp. 346-354.

– Brohier, Richard Leslie and Raheem, Ismeth, “Changing face of Colombo, 1505-1972”, covering the Portuguese, Dutch, and British periods

– R.L. Brohier. Views of Colombo, 1518-1900″, xv+68 pp., 11 maps and illustrations, 22 plates, Lake House Investments, 1984, Colombo, Sri Lanka. In the Portuguese Era; The Dutch takeover ; The Hollander’s Colombo; New light on an old controversy; Facets of early British times; Topography of Colombo in the early half of the 19th century; Days gone away; Views of Colombo (1518-1900).

– Brohier, Richard Leslie “Discovering Ceylon” ?, 222 pp., plates, illustrations, maps, folding plan, Lake House, 1982, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

– Brohier, R. L. & Paulusz. J. H., “Land, maps & surveys. Descriptive catalogue of historical maps in the Surveyor General’s Office, Colombo”, vol. 2: 195 pp.+ LIV plates, 1951, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

– Buultjens, A. E., “Dom Jerónimo de Azevedo. Governor of Ceylon from 1594 to 1611 A.D.”, in: Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (Ceylon), vol. XV, n° 49, 1898, pp.201-212.

– Codrington, Humprhry William “A short history of Ceylon”, McMillan and Co. Limited, 1929, London, United Kingdom.

– Correa, Gaspar “Gaspar Correa’s account of the Portuguese in Ceylon in the first half of the 16th century”, in: “Ceylon Literary Register”, pp. 179-181.

– Coutinho, Xavier, “Portugal na história e na arte de Ceilão”, 101 pp., illustrations, separata de STUDIA N° 34-35, 1972, Lisbon, Portugal. Numismática Portuguesa de Ceilão como demonstração da suzerania portuguesa, a embaixada de Ceilão em Lisboa no tempo de el Rei D. João III (1542-1543), Portugal na arte de Ceilão: dois cofres de marfim no tesouro de Munique, os problemas da sucessão dinástica em Ceilão após as negociações de Lisboa (1543-1545), algumas fontes literárias do século XVII sobre os acontecimentos de Ceilão.

– De Vos, F. H., “Portuguese Ceylon”, in: “De Navorscher”.

– Devendra, Tiss, “Our Jewish roots”, in: “Sunday Island”, 31 July 1994.

– Edirisinghe, Padma, “The mini-Portuguese colony in Lanka’s heartland”, Internet article.

– Edirisinghe, Padma, “Melting pot of multi-races, Puttalam” ?, in: “Sunday Observer”, 7th Janaury 1996, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

– Faria y Souza, “An account of events in Jaffnapatnão (1619-1621)”, in: “Ásia Portuguesa” Volume VI, pp. 187-190, pp. 212-217, translated by Dennis Crowder.

– Faria y Souza, “History of the discovery and conquest of India by the Portuguese “, in: “Monthly Literary Register and notes and queries for Ceylon”, pp. 22-23; 55-56; 150-152; 173-176.

– Ferguson, D. W., “The condition of Ceylon under the Governorship of Dom Jerónimo de Azevedo” ??? In: Monthly Register and Notes and Queries for Ceylon IV, 1896, pp. 209-214

– Ferguson, D. W., “The discovery of Ceylon by the Portuguese in 1506” ?, in: Journal of the Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, Vol. XIX, 1907, pp. 321-385 and pp. 84-114.

– Fernando, C. N., “Christianity in Ceylon in the Portuguese and Dutch period” ???, in: University of Ceylon Review, Vol. VI, 1948, pp. 267-288.

– Fernando, Captain Shemal, “Feast of St. Anne to be celebrated in Talawila tomorrow”, in: “Daily News”, 5 August, 2000 Colombo, Sri Lanka.

– Fitzler, M. A. Hedwig, “O cêrco de Colombo 1652-1656: últimos dias do domínio português em Ceilão” ???, xxv + 236 pp., Memórias do Instituto de Coimbra, N° 1, Imprensa da Universidade, 1928, Coimbra, Portugal.

– Fitzler, M. A. H., “Ceilão e Portugal”, ???, xxv, 236 pp. Imprensa da Universidade, 1928, Coimbra, Portugal. English ed. “Ceylon and Portugal: Kings and Christians 1539-1552” ???, Leipzig, 1928

– Flores, J. M., “Os Portugueses e o Mar de Ceilão. Trato, diplomacia e guerra (1498 – 1543)”, 368 pp., 2 maps, Edições Cosmos, 1998, Lisbon, Portugal.

– Francis, M.G., “History of Ceylon: An abridged translation of Professor Peter Courtenay’s work ” ?, 682 pp., Reprint, 1999, India. Contents: Introduction. I. First Period: The Portuguese Alliance 1505-1554: 1. Lawrence d’Almeida. 2. Lopo Soarez d’Albergaria. 3. Vijaya Bahu. 4. Mayadunne. 5. The embassy to Lisbon. 6. The Martyrs of Manaar. 7. The King of Kandy. 8. St. Francis Xavier. 9. Fr. John de Villa-Conde. 10. Bhuwaneka Bahu. 11. Alphonsus de Noronha. II. Second Period: The Portuguese Protectorate 1554-1597: 1. Weedeya Raja. 2. Don Juan Dharmapala. 3. The siege of Jaffna. 4. Buddha’s tooth. 5. The siege of Kotta. 6. The reappearance of the tooth. 7. Raja Singha. 8. Xavier Banda. 9. Sagara Raja II. 10. Philip II, King of Kandy. 11. Donna Catharina. 12. The end of Raja Singha. 13. Don Juan Wimala Dharma. 14. Death of Don Juan Dharmapala. Third Period: The Portuguese Rule 1597-1658: 1. The Portuguese rule. 2. The Dutch . 3. Senevirat, King of Kandy. 4. The death of Donna Catharina. 5. The pretender Nicapeti. 6. The Kingdom of Jaffna. 7. Changali. 8. Fr. Elenterins of St. James. 9. Philip d’Oliveira. 10. The battle of Badulla. 11. The battle of Gatembe. 12. The return of the Dutch. 13. The sons of Donna Catharina. 14. The armistice. 15. The siege of Colombo. Fourth Period : The Dutch Rule 1658-1796: 1. The Protestant rule. 2. Kandy. 3. The Low Countries . 4. The French in Ceylon. 5. The apostle of Ceylon. 6. Apostolate in Kandy. 7. The death of Fr. Joseph Vaz. 8. The Christians. 9. The awakening of the Christians. 10. The English. Fifth Period: The British Rule 1796-1848: 1. Pilame-Talawe. 2. Mac Dowall’s embassy. 3. The war. 4. Sir Thomas Maitland. 5. The conquest of Kandy. 6. The rebellion of the Kandyans. 7. 1819-1848. Appendix. References. The sources of the history of Ceylon.”

– Gnanaprakasar, S. A. “The Kings of Jaffna during the Portuguese period of Ceylon history” ???, 83 pp., 1920, Jaffna, Sri Lanka.

– Gnanaprakasar, S. A., “History of the Catholic Church in Ceylon: period beginning 1505-1602” ???, xiv+283 pp., 1924, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

– Gnanaprakasar, S. A., “Catholicism in Jaffna: a brief sketch of its history from the earliest times to the present day” ???, 28 pp., 1926, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

– Goonatilleka, M. H. “Ceilão e Portugal. Relações culturais”, in: STUDIA N° 30-31, pp. 113 – 161, 1970, Lisbon, Portugal.

– Goonewardena, K.W. “The foundation of Dutch power in Ceylon 1638–1658”, xx, 196 pp., illustrations , maps, 1958, Amsterdam & Djambatan, The Netherlands .

– Hettiarachchi, “Sri Lanka, historical and cultural heritage”, Internet article.

– Jackson, Kenneth David “A Presença Oculta: 500 anos de cultura portuguesa na Índia e no Sri Lanka” “A hidden presence: 500 years of Portuguese culture in India and Sri Lanka” Bilingual text: Portuguese and English, 145 pp., CTMCDP, 1995, Macau

– Jesuits, “Missionary Vatican exhibition, 1925 : Trincomalie mission (Ceylon), under the fathers of the Society of Jesus, Province of Champagne, Assistance of France” ?, 56 pp., illustrations , St. Joseph’s Industrial School Press, 1924, Trichinopoly, India.

– Jones, Randolph, “Portuguese soldiers in seventeenth century Ceylon: their dress, weapons, and flags”, 10 pp.

– Jones, Randolph, “The leopard’s eating place: the battle of Kotikapola, 12 April 1655”, 10 pp.

– Lewcock, Ronald B. “The architecture of an island : the living legacy of Sri Lanka : a thousand years of architecture illustrated by outstanding examples of religious, public and domestic buildings” ?, 290 pages + 480 illustrations (with drawings by Barbara Sansoni and Laki Senanayake), Barefoot (Pvt) Ltd, 1998, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

– Lomba, Afonso Dias da; Perera, Simon Gregory, “The expedition to Uva made in 1630 by Constantine de Sá de Noronha, Captain-General of Ceylon / as narrated by a soldier, who took part in the expedition. Together with: An account of the siege laid to Colombo by the King of Kandy” ?, xvi, 101 pp., Government printer, 1930, Colombo.

– Lopes, Felix. “A evangelização de Ceilão desde 1552 a 1602”, in: STUDIA N° 20-22, pp. 7-73, 1967, Lisbon, Portugal.

– Mangalarajah, Victor Basil, “Jesuit missions in the Kingdom of Jaffnapatão (Jaffna) in Ceylão (Sri Lanka) 1622-1658” ???, 399 pp. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Pontificia Universitas Gregoriana, 1996, Rome , Italy. Published only Chapter 6 of this thesis: “Analysis of the Apostolate as an ongoing process in the Jaffna Kingdom” 144 pp. Excerpta ex dissertatione ad Doctoratum in Facultate Historie Ecclesiasticae Pontificie Universitatis Gregorianae, 1996, Rome

– Obeyesekere, Donald, “Outlines of Ceylon History” ?, 322 pp., map, Reprint 1999, 1. Pre-Wijeyan period. 2. Mahawansa period. 3. Suluwansa period. 4. Portuguese period. 5. Dutch period. 6. Commencement of British period.

– Patrick, David, “Portuguese Burghers in Batticaloa stick to traditions”, Article in “Sri Lanka Weekend Express”, 30-10-1999, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

– Pearson, J., “Notes on the forts of the Jaffna islands”, in: JRASC, Vol. XXIX, n° 76, 1923, pp. 186-193.

– Perera, S. G. “Historical sketches: Ceylon church history” ???, v+225 pp., 1938, Jaffna, Ceylon.

– Perera, S. G. “La premiere école des Jesuites à Galle, 1621-1640” ??? In: “Echos de Ceylan” V (1938), 1/2.

– Perera, S. G., “The Saman Devale inscription” in: “The Ceylon Antiquary and Literary Register” Vol. VIII (July 1922), part. 1, pp. 1-5.

– Perera, S.G., “The Jesuits in Ceylon in the 16th and 17th century ” ???, 170 pp., 1941, Madura, India.

– Perera, S.G. ( editor ), “The Oratorian Mission in Ceylon: historical documents relating to the life and labours of the venerable Father Joseph Vaz, his companions and successors” ?, 270 pp., Caxton Printing Works, 1936-1938, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

– Perera, S. G. “Historical records of the society of Jesus. The rebellion of Nikapetty”, in: “Ceylon Literary Register” Vol. II, Part II, October 1916 pp. 130-136.

– Perera, S. G., “Historical records of the society of Jesus. The Portuguese and the Dutch in Galle”, in: “Ceylon Antiquary Register” Vol. III, Part III, January 1918, pp. 216-218.

– Perera, S. G. “Historical records of the society of Jesus. Narrative of the events of the East Indies of the monsoon of 1655”, in: “Ceylon Antiquary Register” Vol. VI, Part II, Oct. 1920, pp. 69-73.

– Perera, S.G., “Life of the Blessed Joseph Vaz: apostle of Ceylon” Article in the internet.

– Perniola V. “The Catholic Church in Sri Lanka: the Portuguese period” vol I 1505-1565, xxx+474 pp., Tisakara Prakasakayo, 1989, Dehiwala, Sri Lanka. vol II 1566-1619, xxv+487 pp. Tisakara Prakasakayo, 1991, Dehiwala, Sri Lanka. vol III 1620-1658, xxx+410 pp. Tisakara Prakasakayo, 1991, Dehiwala, Sri Lanka. Great work, the documents for the history of the Catholic Church in Sri Lanka during the Portuguese period.

– Peter, W. L. A. Don, “The Catholic Church in Sri Lanka: a history in outline”, Catholic Communication, 1996, Colombo, Sri Lanka. Web version here The Portuguese period (1505-1658): Ancient Taprobane, Lanka Prior to the Colonial Period, Advent of the Portuguese, Arrival of the Missionaries, Xavier and the Martyrs of Mannar, Church Makes Slow Progress, A Catholic King on the Singhalese Throne, A King Without a Kingdom, Kotte under Portuguese Rule, Attempts to reduce Jaffna, Jaffna under Portuguese rule, Portuguese relations with Kandy, Kandy regains Independance, Kandy Prince Priest, Missionary activity under Portuguese rule. The Dutch Period (1658-1796): A flock without a shepherd, God sends a shepherd, Provision for Others to Follow, Lanka’s sole Pastor, A providential imprisonment – Catholic Literature in the national languages, Asian missionary par excellence, Indigenous ministers of salvation, Indigenous administrators of local Churches, A political missionary action, Respect for other faiths, Continuity of service of the Indian missionaries, Catholic priests banished from Kandy, The Dutch relent. The British and independence periods (1796-1948): Lanka becomes a Vicariate Apostolic, European missionaries come again, Two Vicariates for Lanka, Bonjean Champions denominational education, Bonjean as Bishop in Jaffna and in Colombo, Further Church expansion, Padroado-Propaganda Conflict, Training of native Clergy, Church progress in education, Church and Charities, Revival of Buddhism and its aftermath, State takeover of schools, Devotion to the Blessed Virgin.

– Peter, W. L. A. Don “Education in Sri Lanka under the Portuguese” ???, 342 pp., The Colombo Catholic Press, 1978, Colombo, Sri Lanka. The history of the Portuguese activities in Ceylon in the educational field.

– Peter, W. L. A. Don, “Portuguese missionary activity in the sphere of education” ???, in: Education in Ceylon, a centenary volume, 1969, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

– Peter, W. L. A. Don, “Franciscans and Sri Lanka” ? Evangel Press, 1983, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

– Peter, W. L. A., Don, “Lusitanian links with Lanka”, 90 pp. Arnold’s International Printing House, 1997 , Colombo, Sri Lanka. Military training for Lankans; Western medicine comes to Lanka; Portuguese Misericórdia for organized charity; Portuguese influences on the Singhalese language; Portuguese names and surnames in Sri Lanka; Portuguese influence on a Singhalese poet; Lanka and the Luisiads.

– Peter, W. L. A. Don, “Studies in Ceylon Church History” ?, 1963, Colombo, Sri Lanka. – Pieris, P. E. “Ceylon and the Portuguese 1505

– 1658″, 290 pp. 3 maps, American Ceylon Press, 1920, Colombo, Sri Lanka. New edition: Sri Satguru Publications 1986, Delhi, India.

– Pieris, P. E. “Ceylon: the Portuguese era”, Vol. I (1505-1616) 590 pp., maps & illustrations, Ceylon Aphotecaries Co., 1913, Colombo, Sri Lanka. Vol. II (1616-1658), 461 pp., Tisara Prakasakayo, 1983, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

– Pieris, P. E. “The Kingdom of Jaffnapatam, 1645”, 67 pp., 1920. An account of its administrative organization as derived from the Portuguese Archives.

– Pieris, P. E. “Portugal and Ceylon 1505-1658” ?, 34 pp., lecture delivered at King’s College London, 1937, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

– Pieris, P. E. “An interesting ethnic group from Mannar” ??? Ceylon Historical Journal, 1953, 3(1) pp. 13-17

– Pieris, P. E. “Ribeiro’s History of Ceilão. With a summary of de Barros, de Couto, António Bocarro and the documentos remetidos, with Parangi Hatane and Kostantinu Hatane” ?, xvii, (iii), 416 pp., The Colombo Apothecaries Co. N.p., 1909, Colombo, Ceylon.

– Pieris, Paulus Edward, “The Ceylon littoral 1593” ?, 88 pp., Times of Ceylon, 1949, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

– Pieris, P. E., “The Prince Vijayapala of Ceylon 1634-1654” ?, 78 pp., Asian Educational Services, 1995 (Reprint 1927 Colombo edition), New Delhi.

– Pieris, P. E., “Portuguese maps and plans of Ceylon, 1650”, iv + 36 pp., Apothecaries, 1926, Colombo.

– Pieris, P. E., “Sir Paul E. Pieris’ selected writings” ?, 656 pp., 7 plates, illustrations, maps, Navrang, (reprint Colombo edition), New Delhi, India.

– Prakasar, S. Onana, “History of the Catholic Church in Ceylon, 1505-1602” ???, 1924, Colombo, Ceylon.

– Quéré, Martin, “Christianity in Sri Lanka under the Portuguese padroado, 1597-1658”, xii, 298 pp., maps, Colombo Catholic Press, 1995, Colombo, Sri Lanka. Very useful work for the history of the Catholic Church in Sri Lanka during the Portuguese period.

– Queyroz, Fernão de, “The temporal and spiritual conquest of Ceylon”, translator: S.G.Perera, 1274 pp., 3 Volumes, 1930 (Reprint 1992, Asian Educational Services, New Delhi & Madras) The most detailed and comprehensive account of colonizers and missionaries in the 16th and 17th century Ceylon. “The temporal and spiritual conquest of Ceylon” is not a book for the general reader, but a source book for students of history.

– Remco, Raben, “Trade and urbanization: Portuguese and Dutch urban attitudes in Ceylon. Colombo: mirror of colonial mind”, in: Mare Liberum, Revista de História dos Mares Nº 13 , pp. 95-117, 1997, Lisbon, Portugal.

– Ribeiro, “The historic tragedy of the island of Ceylon”, 266 pp., Asian Educational Services, 1999, New Delhi-Madras, India. The description of Portuguese Ceylon by a Portuguese soldier, who fought in Ceylon for 28 years.

– Sá, Costantino de, “Constantino de Sá’s maps and plans of Ceylon 1624-1628”, vi+66 pp., maps, translated by E. Reimers, 1929, Colombo.

– Samath, Feizal, “Sri Lanka: voiceless, ethnic groups fade into oblivion” Article on the Kaffirs of Puttalam.

– Silva, Ch. R. de, “The Portuguese in Ceylon 1617-1638”, 267 pp H. W. Cave & Company, 1972, Colombo, Sri Lanka A detailed study on the Portuguese power in Ceylon in the 1620s and 1630s

– Silva , Ch. R. de, “Lançarote de Seixas and Madampe: a Portuguese Casado in a Singhalese village”, in: Modern Ceylon Studies Vol. II, 1970, pp. 24-38, map.

– Silva , Ch. R. de, “Colonialism and trade: the cinnamon contract of 1533 between Bhuvanekabahu, King of Kotte, and António Pereira, Portuguese factor in Sri Lanka” ???, in: University of Colombo Review, Vol. N° 10, 1991, pp. 27-34

– Silva, Ch. R. de, “Political and diplomatic relations of the Portuguese with the Kings of Kotte during the first half of the sixteenth century” ???, in: Revista da Cultura, Ano V, 1991, Vol. I, pp. 13-14 and 220-232

– Silva , Ch. R. de, “The Portuguese and the Pearl fishing off South India and Sri Lanka” ???, in: South Asia, Vol. I, 1978, pp. 14-28.

– Silva, Ch. R. de, “The Portuguese impact on the production and trade in Sri Lanka cinnamon in Asia in the sixteenth and seventeenth century”, in: “An Expanding World” Vol. n° 11; Pearson, M. N., “Spice in the Indian Ocean world”, Ashgate, Variorum, vol. n° 11, 1996; pp. 245-258, in: Indica, Vol. 26, N° 1, March 1989, pp. 25-38

– Silva, Ch. R. de, “Portuguese policy towards the Muslims in Ceylon” ???, in: Ceylon Journal of Historical and Social Studies, Vol. IX, 1966, pp. 113-119.

– Silva , Ch. R. de, “Algumas reflexões sobre o impacto português na religião entre os Singhaleses durante os séculos XVI e XVII” in: “Oceanos n° 34 Abril-Junho 1998, pp. 104-116.

– Silva, Ch. R. de, “Beyond the Cape: the Portuguese encounter with the peoples of South Asia”, in: “An Expanding World”, Vol. n° 27; Forster, R., “European and non-European societies, 1450-1800” Vol. 1 “The long duree, eurocentrism, encounters on the periphery of Africa and Asia”, Ashgate, Variorum, vol. n° 27; pp. 303-330 Also in: “Implicit understandings: observations, reporting and reflecting on the encounters between Europeans and other peoples in the early modern era”, 1994, pp. 295-322.

– Silva Jayasuriya, Shinhan de “The Portuguese stamp on the Singhalese theatre”, article in: “IIAS” Newsletter Online n°21

– Silva Jayasuriya, Shinhan de “The Portuguese cultural imprint on Sri Lanka”, in: “Lusotopie 2000” pp. 253-259

– Silva Jayasuriya, Shinhan de “Vasco Da Gama’s heroic voyage: implications for Sri Lanka”, article on “Sunday Island” 1998, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

– Silva Jayasuriya, Shinhan de, “Goan priests in Sri Lanka”, Internet article.

– Silva Jayasuriya, Shinhan de, “Echoes of the Tagus: music of Sri Lanka” in: “The Indian Ocean Review”, vol. 12, n° 1, June 1999, pp. 18

– Silva, O. M. da, “Vikrama Bahu of Kandy: the Portuguese and the Franciscans, 1542-1551”, xv, 110 pp., illustrations , map, M. D. Gunasena & Co. Ltd, 1967, Colombo, Sri Lanka. This book deals with an early phase of the Kandyan Kingdom, relates the attempts of its king Vikrama Bahu to get Portuguese protection in the mid-16th century against Bhuvaneka Bahu of Kotte and Mayadunne of Sitawaka and the consequent efforts of the Franciscan missionaries to get a foot-hold in its capital Senkadagala (Kandy of today).

– Silva , O. M. Cosme da, “Fidalgos in the Kingdom of Kotte, Sri Lanka, 1505-1656: the Portuguese in Sri Lanka” ???, xvi, 621 pp. ill, map, Harwoods Publishers, 1990, Colombo, Sri Lanka. Contains the history, and social and cultural background of the Kingdom of Kotte which was controlled by the Portuguese.

– Silva, O. M. Cosme da, “António Bocarro’s 17th century Sri Lanka: 1614-1617” ?, xxii + 94 pp., Harwoods Publishers, 1998, Colombo, Sri Lanka

– Silva, O. M. Cosme da, “Fidalgos in the Kingdom of Jaffnapatam 1543-1658: the Portuguese in Jaffna”, 136 pp. Harwoods Publishers, 1994, Colombo, Sri Lanka. The Portuguese and the Kingdom of Jaffnapatam; Administration-Revenue-Land tenure; The introduction of Christianity; The influence of the Portuguese: Christianity and culture, architecture, social culinary, household architecture, administration, law, military, flora, fauna.

– Tennent J. Emerson, “Christianity in Ceylon: its introduction and progress under the Portuguese, the Dutch, the British and American missions; with a historical sketch of the Brahmanical and Buddhist superstitions” ?, xviii, 348p with lllus (Reprint London 1850 edn.), 1998

– Trindade , Paulo da, “Conquista Espiritual do Oriente, em que se dá relação de algumas cousas mais notáveis que fizeram os frades menores da santa província de São Tomé da Índia Oriental” Chapters 1 to 56 of vol. III are about Ceylon history. The chapters on Ceylon were translated by E. Peiris and A. Meersman “Early Christianity in Ceylon: Chapters on Introduction of Christianity to Ceylon” 1972, Chilaw, Ceylon.

– Winius,G. D., “Fatal history of Portuguese Ceylon: transition to Dutch rule”, 215 pp., 2 maps, Harvard University Press, 1971, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, in: “The Fall of Portuguese Ceylon 1638-1656: military, diplomatic and political aspects in the decline of an empire”, 242 pp., Ph.D. Thesis, Columbia University, 1964. The last 30 years of Portuguese rule in Ceylon. The war with the Dutch. The Dutch conquest.

About Marco Ramerini

I am passionate about history, especially the history of geographical explorations and colonialism.