Indonesia

Tidore 2 – The expeditions of Magellan and Villalobos: The first contacts of the Spaniards with the island of Tidore and the first Spanish fort

Ternate and Tidore, Moluccas (1760), Indonesia. Author Bellin. No Copyright

Written by Marco Ramerini – 2000-2007/2023 2 – THE EXPEDITIONS OF MAGELLAN AND VILLALOBOS: THE FIRST SPANISH CONTACTS WITH THE ISLAND OF TIDORE AND THE FIRST SPANISH FORT In the first half of the sixteenth century, upon the arrival of the Europeans, two main kingdoms competed for control of the Moluccas islands, they were the Ternate sultanate and the kingdom ...

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Tidore 3 – The Spanish expeditions to the Moluccas after the union with Portugal

Ternate and Tidore, Moluccas (1760), Indonesia. Author Bellin. No Copyright

Written by Marco Ramerini – 2000-2007/2023 3 – THE SPANISH EXPEDITIONS TO THE MOLUCCAS AFTER THE UNION WITH PORTUGAL The first period of interest of the Spaniards in the Moluccas, i.e. the one concerning the years 1521-1606, can be divided into two distinct parts: the first part was that, to which we have already mentioned, of the struggles against the ...

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Tidore 4 – The Spanish forts on the island of Tidore, 1606-1663

Ternate and Tidore, Moluccas (1760), Indonesia. Author Bellin. No Copyright

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. 4.0 THE SPANISH FORTS ON THE ISLAND OF TIDORE, 1606-1663 As we mentioned earlier, from April 1606 after the conquest by the troops of Acuña of the city of Ternate, the Spaniards had, in the Moluccas, as their main and often the only ally the King of Tidore. They tried for ...

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Tidore 5 – The defenses of the city of the King of Tidore: Lugar Grande de El Rey (Soa Siu) and the fort of Gomafo. The Spanish fortresses on the island of Tidore 1521-1663

Ternate and Tidore, Moluccas (1760), Indonesia. Author Bellin. No Copyright

Written by Marco Ramerini 2000-2007/2023 5 – DEFENSES OF THE CITY OF THE KING The centerpiece of Tidore’s defenses were the fortifications of the island’s main city, which the Spanish called Lugar Grande del Rey. It was located on the southeast coast of the island, where today is the main city of Tidore, Soa Siu. Over the years, a series ...

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Tidore 6 – Fuerte de los portugueses (Fortaleza dos Reis Magos). The Spanish fortresses in the island of Tidore 1521-1663

Ternate and Tidore, Moluccas (1760), Indonesia. Author Bellin. No Copyright

Written by Marco Ramerini 2000-2007/2023 5.2 – FUERTE DE LOS PORTUGUESES Fuerte de los Portuguéses (Fortaleza dos Reis Magos): (Current name: ?) CHRONOLOGY: Portuguese: January 6, 1578 – May 19, 1605 Captured by the Dutch on 19 May 1605 then abandoned. Spanish: c.1609 – 9 July 1613 Dutch: 9 July 1613- August/November (?) 1613 This is the fort built in ...

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Tidore 7 – Tohula Fort, Santiago de los Caballeros. The Spanish fortresses in the island of Tidore 1521-1663

Ternate and Tidore, Moluccas (1760), Indonesia. Author Bellin. No Copyright

Written by Marco Ramerini 2000-2007/2023 5.3 – SANTIAGO DE LOS CABALLEROS (TOHULA) Tohula1, Santiago de los Caballeros2, Sanctiago de los Caualleros3, Tahula, Taula, Thaula Olandese: Tahoela4, Tahoelo5, Tahoele6: (Current name: Benteng Tohula) CHRONOLOGY: Spanish: The construction of this fortress was begun by Azcqueta, in 1610, the works were resumed more intensely starting from 1613, it was finished by Geronimo de ...

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Tidore 8 – Sokanora Fort. The Spanish fortresses in the island of Tidore 1521-1663

Ternate and Tidore, Moluccas (1760), Indonesia. Author Bellin. No Copyright

Written by Marco Ramerini 2000-2007/2023 5.4 – SOKANORA Sokanora, Socanora1, Sokanosa, Saconora2, Zoconora3: (Current name: ?) CHRONOLOGY: Spanish: 1613-c.1620 (?) Socanora, was a village located on the coast to south of the city of the king of Tidore (‘Lugar Grande‘). Here the Spanish maintained a small fortified post for some years. We already have a first mention of the village ...

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Tidore 9 – The Fort of Marieco. The Spanish fortresses in the island of Tidore 1521-1663

Ternate and Tidore, Moluccas (1760), Indonesia. Author Bellin. No Copyright

Written by Marco Ramerini 2000-2007/2023 6 – WEST COAST AND NORTH COAST OF THE ISLAND On the western coast of Tidore the Spanish had garrisons in the localities of Marieco, Rume, Tomañira (which was almost certainly the same fort sometimes also called Marieco el Chico) and finally in the extreme northern tip at Chobo. This part of the island which ...

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Tidore 10 – Tomanira Fort. The Spanish fortresses in the island of Tidore 1521-1663

Ternate and Tidore, Moluccas (1760), Indonesia. Author Bellin. No Copyright

Written by Marco Ramerini 2000-2007/2023 6.2 – MARIECO EL CHICO OR TOMANIRA Spanish: Marieco el Chico: Dutch: Kleine Marieko, Spaens Mariecque. This fort was built by Geronimo de Silva in 1613, after the loss of Marieco (Marieco el Grande), and was located half a league from Marieco. After the conquest of Marieco by the Dutch, Geronimo de Silva describes in ...

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Tidore 11 – Chobo Fort. The Spanish fortresses on the island of Tidore 1521-1663

Ternate and Tidore, Moluccas (1760), Indonesia. Author Bellin. No Copyright

Written by Marco Ramerini 2000-2007/2023 6.3 – CHOBO Spanish: Cubo1, Sobo2, Chobo3, Chovo4, Cobo, Tjobo, San(t) Joseph de Chouo5: (Current name: Cobo) CHRONOLOGY: Spanish: 1643 ? –1661 ? o 1662 ? Dutch: Chiobbe6, T’Siobbo7, Siobbo8, Ziobbo9, Tsiobbe10, t’Siobbe11, Sjobbo12, Sjobbe13 Spanish garrison located on the extreme northern offshoot of the island of Tidore, called by the Spaniards San Joseph de Chovo. ...

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Tidore 12 – The Fort of Rume. The Spanish fortresses in the island of Tidore 1521-1663

Ternate and Tidore, Moluccas (1760), Indonesia. Author Bellin. No Copyright

Written by Marco Ramerini 2000-2007/2023 6.4 – RUME Spanish: Rume, Rum, Rumen1, El Rume, San Lucas de el Rume, San Lucas del Rumen2: (Current name: Rum) CHRONOLOGY: Spanish: November 1618-May/June 1663 Dutch: Roemy3, Roumy4, Romi5, Roumi6, Roemij7, Roumij8, Roemi, Romy9 A mention of the port of Rume was already made in 1585 in the report of the friar Cristoval Salvatierra: ...

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Tidore 13 – Puli Caballo Island. The Spanish fortresses in the island of Tidore 1521-1663

Ternate and Tidore, Moluccas (1760), Indonesia. Author Bellin. No Copyright

Written by Marco Ramerini 2000-2007/2023 6.5 – PULI CABALLO Spanish: Puli Caballo: Sant Miguel de la isla de Puri Cauallo (Puli Cauallo) (Current name: Pulau Mare) CHRONOLOGY: Spanish: c.1650 ?-1662 ? Dutch: Pottebackers Eyland The island in question is a small island located south of Tidore, according to what de Clercq tells us, the name Mare meant ‘stone‘ both in ...

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Tidore 14 – Captains of Tidore (Fortress of Santiago de los Caballeros). The Spanish fortresses in the island of Tidore 1521-1663

Ternate and Tidore, Moluccas (1760), Indonesia. Author Bellin. No Copyright

Written by Marco Ramerini. 2000-2007/2023 7 – CAPTAINS OF TIDORE (Fortress of Santiago de los Caballeros) In Tidore resided a Spanish captain who commanded the garrisoned troops in the ‘presidios‘ of the island and who also had under his jurisdiction the garrisons of Payaye and Tafongo located on the island of Halmahera and during the period in which the Spanish ...

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Documentary about Moluccas: The Spice Odyssey – The Moluccas Islands

When the fifth centenary of the first trip around the world (1519-1522) is commemorated, the ultimate goal of which was to reach the Moluccas Islands and obtain access to the spices of these islands for the Spanish crown, the documentary The Odyssey of the Spices is presented. This historical documentary, off approximately 55 minutes, is a co-production of Atrevida Producciones ...

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The sinking of the ship O ARBIRU, Dili – Bangkok 1973 in Maumere waters, Flores Island, Indonesia

Written by : Fransisco Soarez Pati, S.H Email: fransisco78@gmail.com O Arbiru is the name of a Portuguese flagged cargo ship with a deadweight of 400 tons. In the 1973 period when the Timor Leste was still an Overseas Province (Ultramarinas Provincia) under the rule of the Portuguese colonial government, this overseas province was led by a Governor named Fernando Alves ...

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Portuguese influence in Sikka District, Flores Island, Indonesia

Watu Cruz. Photo Fransisco Soarez Pati, S.H,

Written by : Francisco Soarez Pati, S.H Email: fransisco78@gmail.com Photos by Fransisco Soarez Pati, S.H The Portuguese was the first Europeans country to conquer a number of areas in the Nusantara. The territory that was conquered by the Portuguese was then captured by the Dutch by war, negotiation, deceit, fighting and buying and selling under the guise of exchanging colonial ...

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Portuguese footprint in Paga, Flores Island, Indonesia

Paga Beach. Photo Fransisco Soarez Pati, S.H,

Written by Fransisco Soarez Pati, S.H Email: fransisco78@gmail.com Photos by Fransisco Soarez Pati, S.H Paga is a sub district in Sikka district, Flores island on East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia. This area is still included in the Lio ethnic area, which borders with Ende District in the west part. The local mythology tells that Paga comes from the word of ...

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Manila Galleon and the Spice Route

Colloquium on the Manila Galleon and the Spice Route

Colloquium on the Manila Galleon and the Spice Route, organized by the Indonesian Hidden Heritage Creative Hub, with the collaboration of the embassies of Spain, the Philippines and Mexico in Indonesia. Saturday 20 May 2023 – Museum Bahari – Jakarta – Indonesia Colloquium on the Manila Galleon and the Spice Route

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The Fortresses of the Moluccas Islands: a new book

The Fortresses of the Moluccas Islands

A splendid book dedicated to the spice islands was published in April 2022. The book describes in detail the fortifications of the two islands of Ternate and Tidore in the Moluccas, the famous Spice Islands. The text of the book is bilingual in Spanish and English. From the book cover: “This book offers a precise and detailed account of every ...

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New book on the Spice islands: Spain and Moluccas in the 16th and 17th centuries

In the Spice islands. Spain and Moluccas in the 16th and 17th centuries

On the occasion of the celebrations of the 500th anniversary of Ferdinando Magellano’s first trip around the world. A new book about the Spice Islands has just been published by the Spanish publishing house Desperta-Ferro, specialized in Spanish military history. It is a large format book (384 pages, 189 x 246 mm), and includes old maps. I had the honor ...

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