Author Archives: Marco Ramerini

Luanze: Portuguese Settlement, Market (Feira) and Fort in Zimbabwe

The outer trade grounds. Luanze, Zimbabwe. Author and Copyright Chris Dunbar

Written by Chris Dunbar. All pictures are copyright by Chris Dunbar. The Fort of Luanze, where the Portuguese hold a market, is in the lands of Mocaranga, forty leagues from Tete…..this fort has a church, served by a dominican friar who administrates the sacraments to the christians who dwell there or pass through. Pedro Barreto de Rezende, 1634. I then ...

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Excavations At The Seventeenth Century Portuguese Site Of Dambarare, Rhodesia (Zimbabwe)

Trench Y looking West, Figure 5 West Sections

Written by P. S. Garlake. Historical Monuments Commission, Salisbury (today Harare). Received : 27th May 1969 From their establishment at Sofala in 1505, the Portuguese directed their activities in south-east Africa at the exploitation of the gold resources of the interior. During the late sixteenth and seventeenth century’s agreements with the ruling Mwene Mutapas led to the opening of trading ...

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Some Early Portuguese Relics from Dambarare, Rhodesia (today Zimbabwe) 

Portuguese gilded bronze medallion.

Written by P. S. Garlake. Historical Monuments Commission, Salisbury (today Harare) Portuguese traders, administrators and missionaries were living in permanent settlements in many parts of Mashonaland at least throughout the seventeenth century. The goods they traded with the local people are well attested and consisted largely of cloth and beads. Cloth, of course, would decay quickly in most circumstances but ...

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Angwa: a Portuguese Settlement, Market (Feira) and Fort in Zimbabwe

Remains of the brick inner layer built by the Portuguese, Angwa Fort 4, Angwa, Zimbabwe. Author and Copyright Chris Dunbar

Written by Chris Dunbar. All pictures are copyright by Chris Dunbar. Of the six Angwa (Ongoe) Forts / Feiras I was only able to visit two, again it was an extremely arduous trip, very very hot and dry and pushed me again to my limits. The area has been seriously over run by illegal gold panners and they have caused ...

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Portuguese objects in Ancient Mining in Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) and adjacent areas

Indian Tumbler

Written by Roger Summers (Senior Keeper of Antiquities, National Museums of Rhodesia, 1969) and Chris Dunbar MARAMUCA: Carved Ivory BAY HORSE Mine, Chikari (29)¹: The most beautiful of all relics from the ancient workings is the delightful carving. (picture below) This was found at depth in an ancient working on the above mine and given to the miner’s children as ...

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Dambarare: a Portuguese Settlement, Market (Feira) and Fort in Zimbabwe

Location of Earthwork 1 in the distance. Dambarare, Zimbabwe. Author and Copyright Chris Dunbar

Written by Chris Dunbar. All pictures are copyright by Chris Dunbar. This site is scattered over a very wide area and was a large settlement (Dambarare covers about 6 square km’s), one of the largest Earthworks numbered 2 was flooded when the Jumbo Mine Dam was built, a great shame as while a little excavation work was done the Professor ...

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The Dutch West India Company. WIC (West-Indische Compagnie)

Watercolour chart of the city of Recife (Brazil) in the 17th century (1665). Author Johannes Vingboons

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. The WIC (West-Indische Compagnie) Dutch West India Company was a Dutch trading company shaped after the example of the VOC (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie – Dutch East India Company). On June 3, 1621 it was granted a charter for the ‘right on shipping and trade’ and a 24 years monopoly of ...

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Bittangabee Bay ruins, Australia

Bittangabee Bay ruins. Author and Copyright Jones Matos da Silva.,

Text and Photos by Jones Matos da Silva Bittangabee Bay is located in Ben Boyd National Park to the south of the coastal town of Eden along the south coast of New South Wales, Australia. These ruins are claimed by Kenneth McIntyre to be of Portuguese origin. I drove there last month and took me 8 hours drive from Sydney (480 ...

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Australia and the Dutch East India Company (VOC)

Hollandia Nova (1644) (Australia). Author Melchisedech Thevenot Terre Australe decouuerte l'an 1644, Paris. No Copyright

Written by Peter Reynders There have been a number of early European based ‘monopoly companies’ trading in Asia. The combined impact of the Portuguese Estado da India, the first practitioner of the monopoly product principle, the Muscovy, the Ostend, the Swedish and the English East India Companies, the VOC (Dutch East India Company) and the many smaller enterprises of the vast, ...

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Isle of Pines: Prison ruins and Cemetery of the Deported (Cemetery of the Communards) in New Caledonia

Kanumera, Isle of Pines, New Caledonia. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. Located south-east of Grande Terre (New Caledonia), the Isle of Pines is a small island full of natural wonders, endless white beaches and crystal clear water, caves and caverns, rich coral reef, natural wonders like the natural pool (piscine naturelle) with seawater, inhabited by a friendly population with rich traditions. ...

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