South America. List of Dutch forts and colonial possessions

Written by Marco Ramerini. English text revision by Dietrich Köster.

COLOMBIA

Santa Marta:

Netherlands: 16 Feb. 1630 – 21/22 Feb. 1630 abandoned

to Spain

Goslinga “The Dutch in the Caribbean and on the Wild Coast 1580 – 1680” 

VENEZUELA:

Punta de Araya:

Goslinga “The Dutch in the Caribbean and on the Wild Coast 1580 – 1680”

Isla Tortuga:

Goslinga “The Dutch in the Caribbean and on the Wild Coast 1580 – 1680”

Unare River:

Goslinga “The Dutch in the Caribbean and on the Wild Coast 1580 – 1680” 

GUYANA

Fort Ter Hooge, Huis ter Hooge (Essequibo):

Goslinga “The Dutch in the Caribbean and on the Wild Coast 1580 – 1680”

Fort Kijkoveral (Essequibo):

Goslinga “The Dutch in the Caribbean and on the Wild Coast 1580 – 1680”

Ampa:

Borsselen Eiland (Borslem Island):

Ephraim Post (Epira):

Forteiland, Vlaggeneiland (Flag Island):

Nieuw Amsterdam 1 (Fort Nassau):

Stabroeck (Georgetown):

Nieuw Amsterdam 2, Krabbeneiland (New Amsterdam):

Aquewayse Post:

Arinda:

Kartabo (Cartabo):

Cayouni Post:

Concordia Post:

Stevenburg Post, Concordia Post aan Canje River (Concordia Post):

Hardenbroek Post (Wikkie Kreek Post):

Huis Nabij:

Post aan Moruka Kreek:

Fort Nassau (Berbice):

Nieuw Middelburg:

Fort Nova Zelandia:

Redoute Samson (Brandwacht):

Savonette:

Fort St. Andries:

Post aan de Wironje Kreek (Post aan de Wiruni Creek):

Redoute bij Wironje Kreek:

Fort Zeelandia (Essequibo):

SURINAME

Aurearis, post, Post Aurearis (Apoera):

Batavia, Batavia post, Post Batavia:

Braamspunt, Praam’s punt (Braams Point): Fort Piet Heijn

Coronie, Post Coronie (Coronie):

L’Espérance, Post l’Espérance, De Hoop (De Hoop):

Gelderland, Post Gelderland (Gelderland):

Groningen, Post Groningen (Groningen):

Houttuin, Para, Tuinhuizen, Tuinhuizen Eiland (Houttuin): Fort Para, Fort Houttuin

Joodse Savanne, Joods Dorp, Joden Savanne (Jodensavanne):

Tijgersholl, Tiger’s hole (Nieuw Amsterdam): Fort Nieuw Amsterdam

Nickeriepunt, Nieuw Rotterdam (Nieuw Nickerie):

Parimorbo, Nieuw Middelburg (Paramaribo): Fort Zeelandia

Sarron, Saron, Post Saron (Pikin Saron?):

Rama, Post Rama (Rama): Republiek, Post Republiek (Republiek):

Cottica Eijland, Sommelsdijck post (Sommelsdijk): Fort Sommelsdijk

Thorarica, Sinto Brigdes, Sancto Bridges (Torarica meer):

Victoria, Post Victoria (Victoria):

Vredenburgh, Post Vredenburgh (Vredenburg):

‘s-Hertogenbosch, Post ‘s-Hertogenbosch:

Brandwacht, Post Brandwacht (Region of Commewijne):

Devil’s Harwar, Devils Harwar, Post Devil’s Harwar (Region of Marrowijne):

Honkoop, Honcoop, Post Honcoop:

Hughesburg, Post Hughesburg (Region of Brokopondo):

Imotappi, Imotapi, Post Imotapi:

Mauritsburg, Post Mauritsburg:

Oranjewoud, Oranjebo, Post Oranjewoud:

Prins Willem Frederik, Willem Frederik:

Uijtkijk, Post Uijtkijk: Zandpunt (Region of Para):

Zeven Provincien, Post Zeven Provincien:

FRENCH GUIANA

Post aan de Aprowaco, Post aan de Aprouak:

Post aan de Wacogenive rivier:

Mecoria Island:

Fort Ceperou, Saint Louis, Fort Cayenne (Cayenne):

Goslinga “The Dutch in the Caribbean and on the Wild Coast 1580 – 1680”

Post aan de Wiapoco, Post aan de Oyapoc, Post aan de Oiapoque (Wiapoco):

Goslinga “The Dutch in the Caribbean and on the Wild Coast 1580 – 1680” 

BRAZIL

ALAGOAS:

Porto Calvo, Bom Sucesso, Povoação dos quatro rios, Povoação do Bom Sucesso: Fort Bom Sucesso, Fort Boaventura Fort Igreja Nova, Fort Nieuwe Kerk

Boxer Ch. R. “The Dutch in Brazil”

Águas Mansas, São Gonçalvo (Paripueira): Fort bij Paripueira, Fort bij S. Gonçalvo

Alagoas do Norte, Alagoas do Norte (Santa Luzia do Norte):

Alagoas do Sul, Alagoas do Sul, Vila Santa Maria da Madalena (Marechal Deodoro):

O penedo, O peneda, Vila de São Francisco de Penedo (Penedo): Fort Maurits

Fort Suassy:

Fort bij Rio São Francisco, wambuis Rio São Francisco:

BAHIA:

São Salvador da Bahia:

Netherlands: 10 May 1624 – 30 April 1625

to Portugal

Boxer Ch. R. “The Dutch in Brazil”

Itaparica:

CEARÁ:

Fortaleza: Fort Schoonenburg, Fort Siara

Boxer Ch. R. “The Dutch in Brazil” 

MARANHÃO:

São Luís do Maranhão:

Netherlands: 25 Nov. 1641 – 28 Feb. 1644

to Portugal (28 Feb. 1644)

Boxer Ch. R. “The Dutch in Brazil”

Itapicurú, Forte Calvário (near São Luís do Maranhão):

Netherlands: ? – 1642

to Portugal

PARÁ:

Fort Adriaensz: (Post aan de Paru rivier, Post aan de Ginipape rivier)

Netherlands: ? – July 1623

destroyed by the Portuguese

Goslinga “The Dutch in the Caribbean and on the Wild Coast 1580 – 1680”

Fort Oranje: (Xingú rivier)

Netherlands: ? – 1623

destroyed by the Portuguese

Goslinga “The Dutch in the Caribbean and on the Wild Coast 1580 – 1680”

Fort Nassau: (Cajamue eiland, Cojamine eiland, Coyamine eiland)

Netherlands: ? – 1623

destroyed by the Portuguese

Goslinga “The Dutch in the Caribbean and on the Wild Coast 1580 – 1680”

Tocujos eiland (Ilha Grande de Curupá): Fort op Tocujos eiland

Tapajos rivier (Topayos rivier):

PARAÍBA:

Cabedelo: Fort Santo António do Norte, Fort Marghareta, Fort Catharina

Boxer Ch. R. “The Dutch in Brazil”

Nossa Senhora das Neves, Paraíba, Frederikstad, Frederica, Filipea (João Pessoa):

Boxer Ch. R. “The Dutch in Brazil”

Restinga island: Fort Restinga

PERNAMBUCO:

Recifo, Arrecifo, ‘t Recif, ‘t Recijf , Maurisstad, Mauricia, Mauriciopolis, Antonio Vaz, Mauritstad (Recife): Recife: (Fort Brum, Fort Bruyne, Fort do Brun, Fort de Bruyn) Recife: (Fort Buraco, Fort S. Antonio do Buraco). Boavista: (Forte Cinco Pontas, Fort Vijfhoek, Fort Frederik Hendrik). Mauritsstad: (Fort Ernestus, Fort Ernest, Fort Altena). Mauritsstad: (Fort Waerdenburgh, Fort Driehoek)

Netherlands: 3 March 1630 – 26 January 1654 (capitulation); on 28 January 1654 the Portuguese entered the town

to Portugal

Boxer Ch. R. “The Dutch in Brazil”

Olinda:

Boxer Ch. R. “The Dutch in Brazil”

Itamaracá eiland, Tamaraca, Tamarica (Itamaracá): Fort Oranje

Boxer Ch. R. “The Dutch in Brazil”

Schoppestad, Van Schoppe stad, Nossa Senhora da Conceição (Vila Velha): Fort Nossa Senhora da Conceição

Igaracú (Igarassu):

Arraial do Bom Jesus (Velho): Fort Bom Jesus, Fort Real, Fort Bom Jesus

Netherlands: 8 Jun. 1635 – ?

to Portugal

Cabo São Agostinho, Kaap St.Augustijn, Caepo Sint Augustijn, Cabo de Santo Agostinho: Fort Puntal, Fort Pontael, Fort van der Dussen Fort Nazareth, Fort Nazaré Fort Gijselingh, Fort Domburg

Boxer Ch. R. “The Dutch in Brazil”

Afogados: Fort Prins Willem, Fort de Afogados, Fort Kijck in de Pot

Serenheijm, Zirinaim (Serinhaem):

Boxer Ch. R. “The Dutch in Brazil”

Pojuca, Posuica, São Miguel de Ipojuca, São Miguel de Ipojuca (Ipojuca):

Fort aan Rio Formoso, Fort Oranje aan Rio Formoso: Fort aan Rio Formoso, Fort Oranje aan Rio Formoso

Tamandaré:

Fort Barretta:

Fernando de Noronha: Hospitaalfort (later Fortaleza Nossa Senhora dos Remédios)

Netherlands: Dec. 1623 – Jan. 1630

Portugal: Jan. 1630 – ?

Netherlands: ? – 1654

Portugal: 1654 – 1736

France: 1736 – 6 Oct. 1737

Portugal: 6 Oct. 1737-

Boxer Ch. R. “The Dutch in Brazil” 

RIO GRANDE DO NORTE:

Rio Grande, Potigí, Potingí, Rio Grande do Norte (Natal): Fort Ceulen, Fort Três Reis Magos

Boxer Ch. R. “The Dutch in Brazil” 

SERGIPE:

Vila Velha (Neopolis):

Sergipe del Rey, São Cristóvão (Sergipe del Rey): Fort bij São Cristóvão, Fort São Cristóvão, Fort Sergipe del Rey

Boxer Ch. R. “The Dutch in Brazil” 

CHILE

Castro:

Isla de Chiloé:

Valdivia:

Netherlands: 24 August 1643 – 28 October 1643 abandoned

About Marco Ramerini

I did historical research on the history of geographical exploration and colonialism, particularly on the spice islands, the Moluccas. I have designed and written some internet sites including the www.colonialvoyage.com site dedicated to the history of geographical exploration and colonialism. Then the site www.borghiditoscana.net dedicated to my region: Tuscany. As well as many other travel sites in different languages. Traveler, writer of online tourist guides. I research and write about history. Finally I am passionate about astronomy and photography.